This will be a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group, multicenter, Phase III study.The study aims to evaluate the Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of Intramuscular Injections of PLX PAD for the Treatment of Subjects with Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) with Minor Tissue Loss (Rutherford Category 5) who are Unsuitable for Revascularization.



Eligible Ages
Between 45 Years and 99 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Adult male or female subjects between ages 45-99 years of age.
  2. CLI, with minor tissue loss up to the ankle level (Rutherford Category 5)
  3. Ankle pressure (AP) ≤70 mmHg or TP ≤50 mmHg in the index leg. (If a subject has ABI >1.4 and TP is not measureable, inclusion may be based on TcPO2 ≤30 mmHg)
  4. Subject unsuitable for revascularization (by any method) in the index leg.
  5. Ischemic lesions in the index leg stable for at least 2 weeks.
  6. Ischemic ulcers in the index leg without tendon or bone exposure (unless secondary to a minor amputation).
  7. Under treatment for cardiovascular risk factors: hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, in accordance with applicable guidelines. Concomitant therapy with a statin and an anti-platelet agent for at least 2 weeks prior to randomization.
  8. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening and must be willing to use at least one highly effective birth control method throughout the study.
  9. Signed informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Non-atherosclerotic PAD (e.g. Buerger's disease).
  2. CLI with major tissue loss (Rutherford Category 6) in either leg.
  3. Evidence of active infection (e.g., cellulitis, osteomyelitis).
  4. Subject having undergone surgical revascularization or major amputation less than 1 month prior to screening, or endovascular revascularization or minor amputation less than 2 weeks prior to screening.
  5. Planned or potential need for major/minor amputation or any revascularization within 1 month of study entry upon investigator's judgment.
  6. Aorto-iliac stenosis or common femoral artery stenosis ≥70%, or otherwise suspicion of inadequate inflow to the leg.
  7. Life expectancy of less than 6 months.
  8. Stroke or acute myocardial infarction/unstable angina within 3 months prior to screening.
  9. Severe congestive heart failure symptoms (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Stage IV).
  10. Uncontrolled severe hypertension.
  11. Diabetes mellitus with HbA1c >10%.
  12. Current or history of proliferative retinopathy.
  13. Known Hepatitis B virus or Hepatitis C virus or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) infections.
  14. Subjects with international normalized ratio (INR) >2.5.
  15. Subject on renal replacement therapy or with eGFR <15 mL/min/1.73m2.
  16. Subject is currently enrolled in, or has not yet completed a period of at least 30 days since ending another investigational device or drug trial(s), unless in long-term follow-up phase.
  17. Use of hyperbaric oxygen therapy, prostanoids, spinal cord stimulation, lumbar sympathectomy, wound dressing containing cells or growth factors, or topical platelet derived growth factor.
  18. Known allergies to any of the following: DMSO, human serum albumin, bovine serum albumin.
  19. History of allergic/hypersensitivity reaction to any substance having required hospitalization and/or treatment with IV steroids/epinephrine.
  20. Pulmonary disease requiring supplemental oxygen treatment on a daily basis.
  21. Active malignancy or history of malignancy within 5 years prior to study entry.
  22. In the opinion of the investigator, the subject is unsuitable for participating in the study.
  23. Inability to understand and provide an informed consent.

Study Design

Phase 3
Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Double (Participant, Investigator)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
PLX-PAD will be administered via 30 IM injections (0.5 mL each). Each subject will be treated twice, with an interval of 8 weeks between treatments.
  • Biological: PLX-PAD
    Local intramuscular (IM) injections of PLX-PAD in the index leg.
Placebo Comparator
Placebo will be administered via 30 IM injections (0.5 mL each). Each subject will be treated twice, with an interval of 8 weeks between treatments.
  • Biological: Placebo
    Local intramuscular (IM) injections of Placebo in the index leg.

Recruiting Locations

More Details

Pluristem Ltd.

Study Contact


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.