Purpose

This first time in human study is intended for men and women between 18 and 75 years of age who have advanced liver cancer which has grown or returned after being treated or another AFP expressing tumor. Those who did not tolerate or refused other therapies may also participate. The purpose of this study is to test the safety of genetically changed T cells that target alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and find out what effects, if any, they have in subjects with liver cancer or other AFP expressing tumor types. This study is for subjects who have a blood test positive for appropriate HLA-A*02 P Group and have adequate AFP protein in blood or tumor, and whose noncancerous liver tissue has very little AFP protein (Liver only). The study will take the subject's T cells, which are a natural type of immune cell in the blood, and send them to a laboratory to be modified. The changed T cells used in this study will be the subject's own T cells that have been genetically changed with the aim of attacking and destroying cancer cells. The manufacturing of T cells takes about 1 month to complete. The T cells will be given back to the subject through an intravenous infusion after 3 days of chemotherapy. The study will evaluate three different cell dose levels in order to find out the target cell dose. Once the target cell dose is determined, additional subjects will be enrolled to further test the safety and effects at this cell dose. Subjects will be hospitalized for at least 1 week after receiving their T cells back and then seen frequently by the Study Physician for the next 6 months. After that, subjects will be seen every three months. If subjects have disease progression or withdraw from the study, they will then be entered into a long-term follow up for safety monitoring. In long-term follow up, subjects will be seen every 6 months by their Study Physician for the first 5 years after the T cell infusion and annually for the next 10 years.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 75 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Subject is ≥ 18 years and ≤ 75 years of age and has voluntarily agreed to participate by giving written informed consent in accordance with ICH GCP Guidelines and applicable local regulations.
  2. Histologically confirmed HCC, not amenable to transplant, resection. Subjects may undergo loco-regional therapy after enrollment but not at time of lymphodepletion. Or Histologically confirmed diagnosis of another AFP expressing tumor (e.g. cholangiocarcinoma).
  3. Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1 criteria prior to lymphodepletion.
  4. Progressive disease following or intolerant of or refuses standard of care systemic therapy prior to lymphodepletion.
  5. Positive for any A*02:01 P group allele.
  6. a) Group 1, 2, 3, (HCC) Subjects will be eligible for enrollment if they meet either one of these AFP expression criteria:
  7. AFP expression of ≥1+ in ≥20% of tumor cells by immunohistochemistry and their non-cancerous liver tissue has ≤5% cells stained for AFP at any intensity by immunohistochemistry.
  8. Serum AFP levels of ≥100ng/mL and their non-cancerous liver tissue has ≤5% cells stained for AFP at any intensity by immunohistochemistry.
  9. b) Group 4 (other AFP expressing tumor types) Subjects will be eligible for enrollment if they meet either one of these AFP expression criteria:

o Serum AFP levels of ≥100ng/mL and their non-cancerous liver tissue (if applicable) has ≤5% cells stained for AFP at any intensity by immunohistochemistry.

7. Life expectancy of > 4 months 8. Child-Pugh score ≤ 6 9. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-1 10. Subject must have adequate organ function as defined in the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Positive for any of the HLA-A*02 allele other than HLA-A*02:01 P Group, HLA-A*02:03 P group or null alleles or positive for the following alleles: HLA-C*04:04 or HLA-B*51:03.
  2. Prior liver transplant
  3. Received the following prior to leukapheresis:
  4. Cytotoxic chemotherapy, immune therapy and biological therapy within 3 weeks
  5. Corticosteroids or any other immunosuppressive therapy within 2 weeks. NOTE: Use of inhaled or topical steroids is not exclusionary
  6. Sorafenib/Regorafenib/Lenvatinib within 1 week
  7. Cabozantinib within 2 weeks
  8. Duration of treatment free intervals for any other anti-cancer therapies must be discussed with Adaptimmune Study Physician.
  9. Received the following prior to lymphodepleting chemotherapy :
  10. Cytotoxic chemotherapy or loco-regional therapy within 3 weeks, liver directed radiation therapy within three months.
  11. Corticosteroids or any other immunosuppressive therapy within 2 weeks. NOTE: Use of inhaled or topical steroids is not exclusionary
  12. Bone/soft tissue directed palliative radiotherapy within 4 weeks.
  13. Investigational treatment or clinical trial within 4 weeks.
  14. Sorafenib/Regorafenib/Lenvatinib within 1 week.
  15. Cabozantinib within 2 weeks
  16. Prior cancer-directed immunotherapy within 4 weeks, including monoclonal antibodies against PD-1 receptor or ligand.
  17. Use of an experimental vaccine within 2 months in the absence of tumor response. The subject should be excluded if their disease is responding to an experimental vaccine given within 6 months
  18. Any previous gene therapy using an integrated vector
  19. Duration of treatment free intervals for any other anti-cancer therapies must be discussed with Adaptimmune Study Physician.
  20. Toxicity persisting from previous anti-cancer therapy of ≥ Grade 2 (except for non-clinically significant toxicities, e.g., alopecia, vitiligo). Subjects with Grade 2 toxicities that are deemed stable or irreversible (e.g. peripheral neuropathy) can be enrolled on a case-by-case basis with prior consultation and agreement with the Sponsor Study Physician.
  21. Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to lymphodepletion; subjects should have been fully recovered from any surgical related toxicities.
  22. Bleeding ≥ Grade 2 in the past 3 months prior to lymphodepletion
  23. Therapeutic anticoagulation from lymphodepletion until platelet count recovery (prophylactic heparin allowed)
  24. Clinically or radiographically detectable ascites (beyond trace/rim of ascites) or ascites requiring medication
  25. Clinically detectable hepatic encephalopathy or hepatic encephalopathy requiring medication
  26. Active viral hepatitis Subjects positive for hepatitis B surface antigen not on antiviral treatment/prophylaxis or subjects with detectable hepatitis B DNA
  27. Subjects with resolved (surface antigen negative, core antibody positive) or chronic stable (surface antigen positive) hepatitis B on antiviral treatment/prophylaxis with DNA levels of ≤100 IU/mL are allowed with HBV DNA monitoring after treatment
  28. Subjects with hepatitis C allowed provided they meet all other eligibility criteria
  29. Positive serology for HIV
  30. Positive serology for HTLV 1 or 2
  31. History of chronic or recurrent (within the last year) severe autoimmune or immune mediated disease requiring steroids or other immunosuppressive treatments. Subjects with history of idiopathic autoimmune hepatitis are excluded. Subjects who experienced hepatitis during treatment with check point inhibiting antibodies are not excluded.
  32. Subject has brain metastases.
  33. Other active malignancy besides HCC or other eligible AFP expressing tumor types within 3 years.
  34. Electrocardiogram (ECG) showing clinically significant abnormality at Screening or showing a QTc interval ≥450 msec in males and ≥470 msec in females (≥480 msec for subjects with Bundle Branch Block (BBB) over consecutive ECGs).
  35. Bacterial or opportunistic infection within 3 months of treatment (upper respiratory infection and uncomplicated urinary tract infection allowed)
  36. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness considered by the Investigator to add appreciable risk to study participation, including but not limited to:
  37. Clinically significant cardiac disease defined by CHF New York Heart Association (NYHA) > Class 1; uncontrolled clinically significant arrhythmia in last 6 months; Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) (angina or myocardial infarction) in last 6 months.
  38. Oxygen dependent lung disease.
  39. Clinically significant psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  40. History of stroke or central nervous system bleeding; transient ischemic attack (TIA) or reversible ischemic neurologic deficit (RIND) in last 6 months.
  41. Pregnant or breastfeeding
  42. Alcohol or illicit drug dependency
  43. Known contraindication to cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, mesna, G-CSF or other agents associated with study treatment.

Study Design

Phase
Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
N/A
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Autologous genetically modified AFPᶜ³³²T cells
  • Genetic: Autologous genetically modified AFPᶜ³³²T cells
    Infusion of autologous genetically modified AFPᶜ³³²T cells

Recruiting Locations

University of Maryland, Greenebaum Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland 21201
Contact:
Cheryl A Young, BSN
410-328-8611
cheryl.young@umm.edu

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Adaptimmune

Study Contact

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.