This clinical investigation is an open-label, multi-center RCT to demonstrate the safety and effective performance of the Lungpacer DPTS (plus standard of care) as compared to Control (standard of care only) in patients aged 18 years or older who are receiving mechanical ventilation. Eligible Subjects will have received mechanical ventilation for ≥96 hours (4 days) and failed two weaning attempts. The goal or outcome is to show a numerically greater proportion of subjects weaned in the Treatment (Lungpacer DPTS) group as compared to the Control group.



Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Are 18 years or older, and, 2. Have been mechanically ventilated for ≥96 hours (4 days), and, 3. Have satisfied the Readiness-to-Wean criteria, and, 4. Have failed at least 2 weaning attempts (that were conducted at least 48 hours after initiation of MV, and, that were conducted on different calendar days, and, at least one of which was the protocol-specific Ventilator Liberation Trial).

Exclusion Criteria

  1. MIP (absolute value) >50 cm H2O 2. Invasive mechanical ventilation >90 days 3. Currently on ECMO 4. Weaning failure due to hypervolemia 5. Medical history (including imaging) or known anatomy that prevents insertion of LIVE Catheter into the Left Subclavian vein 6. Clinically overt congestive heart failure that is preventing weaning 7. Currently being treated with neuromuscular blockade 8. Pre-existing neurologic, neuromuscular or muscular disorder that could affect the respiratory muscles 9. Pre-existing severe chronic pulmonary fibrosis 10. Pleural effusions occupying greater than one third of the pleural space on either side 11. BMI ≥40 12. Known or suspected phrenic nerve paralysis 13. Any electrical device (implanted or external) that may be prone to interaction with or interference from the Lungpacer DPTS including neurological pacing/stimulator devices, cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators 14. Current hemodynamic instability, sepsis or septic shock 15. Bacteremia within the last 48 hours 16. Anticipating withdrawal of life support and/or shift to palliation as the goal of care 17. Known or suspected to be pregnant or lactating 18. Currently being treated in another clinical trial studying an experimental treatment that could affect the study primary outcome

Study Design

Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description
1:1 randomization of treatment and control group
Primary Purpose
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Active Comparator
Subject receives Lungpacer LIVE Catheter insertion for transvenous phrenic nerve stimulation to deliver Diaphragm Pacing Therapy Sessions. DPT sessions are 6 sets of 10, delivered twice daily, for a total of 120 stimulation reps per day, plus standard of care for weaning from mechanical ventilation.
  • Device: Diaphragm Pacing Therapy
    Transvenous phrenic nerve stimulation to induce diaphragm contraction.
    Other names:
    • DPTS
No Intervention
Subject does not receive Lungpacer LIVE Catheter or DPTS. Subject receives only Standard of care for weaning from mechanical ventilation.

Recruiting Locations

More Details

Lungpacer Medical Inc.

Study Contact

Sara Hill
(484) 658-3390

Detailed Description

The intended patient population is applicable for Lungpacer DPT because there are no noninvasive alternative treatments for patients who are difficult to wean from MV (i.e., ≥96 hours (4 days) on MV) or who have required prolonged MV (>7 days). The intended patient population includes approximately one-third of all patients on mechanical ventilation. Under standard of care, approximately 50% of these patients will recover from mechanical ventilation (Jung, 2016). Standard of care involves daily weaning attempts, known as Spontaneous Breathing Trials (SBTs) or Ventilator Liberation Trials (VLTs) that are intended to encourage diaphragm use and strengthening over time.Therefore, Lungpacer DPT efficacy evaluation must be compared to standard of care in a Control group. Lack of recovery from mechanical ventilation may be due to the inability of a patient to participate in VLTs or weaning attempts, due to extensive diaphragm weakness or sedation, the inability of VLTs to induce sufficient diaphragm strengthening, or co-morbidities that prevent recovery.


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.