Purpose

The purpose of this study is to evaluate conversion rate to minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity following the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide relative to lenalidomide alone, when administered as maintenance treatment to anti-cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) treatment naive participants with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are MRD positive as determined by next generation sequencing (NGS) following high-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT), with or without consolidation therapy.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 79 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Have newly diagnosed multiple myeloma with a history of 4 to 8 total cycles of induction with or without consolidation therapy and have received high-dose therapy (HDT) and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT): (a) for participants who have not received consolidation therapy, the participant must be within 180 days post-transplant at the time of randomization; and (b) for participants treated with consolidation therapy, the participant must be within 90 days of the last dose of consolidation therapy at the time of randomization
  • Must have a very good partial response (VGPR) or better response assessed per International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) 2016 criteria at the time of randomization
  • Have archived bone marrow samples collected before induction treatment (that is, at diagnosis) or before transplant (for example, at the end of induction) or have existing results on the index multiple myeloma clone based on Adaptive Biotechnologies' next generation sequencing (NGS)-based minimal residual disease (MRD) assay. Archived bone marrow samples will be used for calibration of myeloma clonal cells to facilitate assessment of primary end point by NGS. If an existing result on index myeloma clone is available from Adaptive Biotechnologies' NGS-based MRD assay, as part of institutional procedures, an archived bone marrow sample is not required as long as Adaptive Biotechnologies is able to retrieve historical results on the index myeloma clone form the clinical database. Any one of the following archived samples are required: (a) Greater than 1 milliliter (mL) viable frozen bone marrow aspirated aliquot (preferred) collected in an ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA) tube, frozen, and stored at a temperature of -80 centigrade (°C), or; (b) Non-decalcified diagnostic bone marrow aspirate clot sections (block or slides) for MRD assessment: (i) A formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) block of bone marrow aspirate clot, or 5 slides, 5 micrometer each, of non-decalcified bone marrow, or (ii) 5 slides, bone marrow aspirate smear
  • Must have residual disease as defined by detectable MRD (Adaptive Biotechnologies' NGS based MRD assay)
  • Must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of 0, 1, or 2

Exclusion Criteria

  • A history of malignancy (other than multiple myeloma) unless all treatment of that malignancy was completed at least 2 years before consent and the participant has no evidence of disease before the of date of randomization. Exceptions are squamous and basal cell carcinomas of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast, or other non-invasive lesion that in the opinion of the investigator, with concurrence with the sponsor's medical monitor, is considered cured with minimal risk of recurrence within 3 years
  • Have had prior treatment/therapy with: (a) Daratumumab or any other anti-cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38) therapies, (b) Focal radiation therapy within 14 days prior to randomization with the exception of palliative radiotherapy for symptomatic management but not on measurable extramedullary plasmacytoma. Radiotherapy within 14 days prior to randomization on measurable extramedullary plasmacytoma is not permitted even in the setting of palliation for symptomatic management, or (c) Plasmapheresis within 28 days of randomization
  • Be exhibiting clinical signs of meningeal or central nervous system involvement due to multiple myeloma
  • Have known chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) less than (<) 50 percent (%) of predicted normal
  • Have known moderate or severe persistent asthma within the past 2 years or current uncontrolled asthma of any classification
  • Have any of the following: (a) Known history of seropositivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); (b) Seropositive for hepatitis B (defined by a positive test for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg]. Participants with resolved infection (that is, participants who are HBsAg negative but positive for antibodies to hepatitis B core antigen [anti-HBc] and/or antibodies to hepatitis B surface antigen [anti-HBs]) must be screened using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measurement of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels. Those who are PCR positive will be excluded. EXCEPTION: Participants with serologic findings suggestive of HBV vaccination (anti-HBs positivity as the only serologic marker) AND a known history of prior HBV vaccination, do not need to be tested for HBV DNA by PCR; (c) Seropositive for hepatitis C (anti-hepatitis C virus [HCV] antibody positive or HCV-RNA quantitation positive), except in the setting of a sustained virologic response, defined as aviremia at least 12 weeks after completion of antiviral therapy)

Study Design

Phase
Phase 3
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Daratumumab + Lenalidomide
Participants will receive 1800 milligram (mg) daratumumab by subcutaneous (SC) injection in combination with lenalidomide (orally) as maintenance therapy for a maximum of 36 cycles. Each cycle is of 28 days.
  • Drug: Daratumumab
    Daratumumab 1800 mg will be administered by SC injection weekly during Cycles 1 and 2, every 2 weeks during Cycles 3 through 6, and every 4 weeks from Cycle 7 onward until confirmed progressive disease (PD), unacceptable toxicity, or until end of study treatment for a maximum of 36 cycles.
    Other names:
    • DARZALEX
  • Drug: Lenalidomide
    Lenalidomide 10 mg will be administered orally from Day 1 to Day 28 (continuously) of each 28-day cycle until confirmed PD, unacceptable toxicity, or until end of study treatment for a maximum of 36 cycles. After 3 cycles of maintenance therapy, if well tolerated, the lenalidomide dose may be increased to 15 mg daily, at the discretion of the investigator.
Active Comparator
Lenalidomide
Participants will receive lenalidomide (orally) alone as maintenance therapy for a maximum of 36 cycles. Each cycle is of 28 days.
  • Drug: Daratumumab
    Daratumumab 1800 mg will be administered by SC injection weekly during Cycles 1 and 2, every 2 weeks during Cycles 3 through 6, and every 4 weeks from Cycle 7 onward until confirmed progressive disease (PD), unacceptable toxicity, or until end of study treatment for a maximum of 36 cycles.
    Other names:
    • DARZALEX
  • Drug: Lenalidomide
    Lenalidomide 10 mg will be administered orally from Day 1 to Day 28 (continuously) of each 28-day cycle until confirmed PD, unacceptable toxicity, or until end of study treatment for a maximum of 36 cycles. After 3 cycles of maintenance therapy, if well tolerated, the lenalidomide dose may be increased to 15 mg daily, at the discretion of the investigator.

Recruiting Locations

University of Maryland, Greenebaum Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland 21201

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Study Contact

Study Contact
844-434-4210
JNJ.CT@sylogent.com

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.