88 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Hypoglycemia Associated Autonomic Failure in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
University of Maryland Type 1 Diabetes Hypoglycemia Associated Autonomic Failure
Exercise is a cornerstone of diabetes management. It helps reduce blood pressure, promote weight loss, lower insulin resistance and improve glucose and lipid (triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol) profiles. Unfortunately, the benefits of exercise are often not embraced by diabetic... expand

Exercise is a cornerstone of diabetes management. It helps reduce blood pressure, promote weight loss, lower insulin resistance and improve glucose and lipid (triglyceride and HDL-cholesterol) profiles. Unfortunately, the benefits of exercise are often not embraced by diabetic individuals because of the fear of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). My laboratory has demonstrated that Autonomic nervous system (ANS) counterregulatory failure plays an important role in exercise associated hypoglycemia in Type 1 DM. ANS responses are significantly reduced in Type 1 DM and are further blunted by antecedent episodes of hypoglycemia. Furthermore, there is a large sexual dimorphism of reduced ANS responses during submaximal exercise in both Type 1 DM and healthy individuals that is unexplained. Accumulating data are demonstrating that serotonergic pathways can regulate ANS discharge. Generally, serotonergic pathways are inhibitory but both single and longer term administration of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI's) such as Prozac has been demonstrated to increase basal epinephrine levels and enhance baroreflex control of Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. What is unknown is whether fluoxetine can also enhance SNS responses and also override the large ANS sexual dimorphism present during sub maximal exercise. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determine if the SSRI fluoxetine (Prozac) can improve SNS responses during exercise.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2012

open study

Differing Levels of Hypoglycemia
University of Maryland Hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia can produce a spectrum of pro-inflammatory and pro-atherothrombotic changes. To date no studies appear to have investigated the effects of differing levels of hypoglycemia on the vasculature and pro-atherothrombotic balance during hypoglycemia in healthy man. The... expand

Hypoglycemia can produce a spectrum of pro-inflammatory and pro-atherothrombotic changes. To date no studies appear to have investigated the effects of differing levels of hypoglycemia on the vasculature and pro-atherothrombotic balance during hypoglycemia in healthy man. The specific aim of our study will be to determine the effects of differing levels of hypoglycemia on in-vivo vascular biologic mechanisms in a healthy population.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2015

open study

Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Hemorrhagic Stroke
University of Cincinnati Stroke
The purpose of this study is to find risk factors for hemorrhagic stroke. expand

The purpose of this study is to find risk factors for hemorrhagic stroke.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Sep 1997

open study

Dose Response of Epinephrine
University of Maryland Diabetes Complications
Epinephrine is the principal physiologic defense against hypoglycemia in type 1 and longer duration type 2 DM. Despite this, it is unknown how epinephrine regulates in-vivo endothelial function and atherothrombotic balance in humans. The specific aim of our study will be to determine... expand

Epinephrine is the principal physiologic defense against hypoglycemia in type 1 and longer duration type 2 DM. Despite this, it is unknown how epinephrine regulates in-vivo endothelial function and atherothrombotic balance in humans. The specific aim of our study will be to determine the dose response effects of the key ANS counterregulatory hormone epinephrine on endothelial function, fibrinolytic balance and pro-atherogenic inflammatory mechanisms in healthy humans.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2016

open study

INtervention Study In overweiGHT Patients With COPD
Seattle Institute for Biomedical and Clinical Research Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Obesity Weight Loss Life Style Overweight
Symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and high body mass index (BMI) overlap. The investigators are trying to find out if a program proven to help people lose a modest amount of weight and increase their physical activity will improve COPD symptoms for those... expand

Symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and high body mass index (BMI) overlap. The investigators are trying to find out if a program proven to help people lose a modest amount of weight and increase their physical activity will improve COPD symptoms for those with a high BMI. The program uses a series of digital video discs (DVD) sessions focused on healthy eating and physical activity, and encourages participants to monitor their weight, diet, and physical activity for two years. For those who want to, they will be able to work with a health coach to help meet weight and activity goals. We hope that the program will lead to weight loss, better exercise tolerance, and less shortness of breath. To be in the study, participants will need to have COPD, high BMI, history of smoking, shortness of breath, and be at least 40 years old.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2017

open study

A Study of Rucaparib Versus Physician's Choice of Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Castration-resistant...
Clovis Oncology, Inc. Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer
The purpose of this study is to determine how patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, and evidence of a homologous recombination gene deficiency, respond to treatment with rucaparib versus treatment with physician's choice of abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide,... expand

The purpose of this study is to determine how patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, and evidence of a homologous recombination gene deficiency, respond to treatment with rucaparib versus treatment with physician's choice of abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, or docetaxel.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2017

open study

Salivary Glycated Albumin
University of Maryland Diabetes Mellitus
(1) to determine whether the ratio of glycated albumin and total albumin in saliva is equivalent to blood and (2) to investigate whether the non-invasive SmartAlbu portable salivary sensor is as accurate as standard tests that measure glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c). expand

(1) to determine whether the ratio of glycated albumin and total albumin in saliva is equivalent to blood and (2) to investigate whether the non-invasive SmartAlbu portable salivary sensor is as accurate as standard tests that measure glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2017

open study

PKD Clinical and Translational Core Study
University of Maryland Polycystic Kidney Disease
Advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) have opened up possibilities of new therapies to prevent disease progression. High quality clinical investigations in patients with ADPKD, however, pose significant challenges... expand

Advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) have opened up possibilities of new therapies to prevent disease progression. High quality clinical investigations in patients with ADPKD, however, pose significant challenges to investigators including limited access to patients with ADPKD,insufficient guidance by experienced investigators and lack of resources to conduct these studies. The Polycystic Kidney Disease Research Clinical and Translational Core (P30) aims to establish an infrastructure that will assist investigators in designing and conducting highest quality clinical and translational research focused on a diverse group of patients with ADPKD. Objective 1: To establish a Mid-Atlantic cohort of ADPKD patients (N=200) with baseline clinical phenotyping performed at the General Clinical Research Unit of the University of Maryland School of Medicine. Objective 2: To establish a state-of-the-art biobank of specimens from the ADPKD cohort including serum, plasma,urine and DNA. Objective 3: To develop a collaborative network of physicians and practices in the Mid-Atlantic region who will contribute to the ADPKD cohort and will be willing to refer patients for future studies and trials. Objective 4: To establish a web-based registry of ADPKD patients in the Mid-Atlantic area.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Mar 2013

open study

Dental Carotid Cognitive Study
University of Maryland Carotid Stenosis Mild Cognitive Impairment Periodontitis
Periodontal Disease (PD) is present in 60+% of adults >65 years and is associated with tobacco smoking, diabetes, and atherosclerosis that worsen inflammation, comorbidities common in older people with mild to moderate cognitive impairment (MCI). Older MCI patients are prone... expand

Periodontal Disease (PD) is present in 60+% of adults >65 years and is associated with tobacco smoking, diabetes, and atherosclerosis that worsen inflammation, comorbidities common in older people with mild to moderate cognitive impairment (MCI). Older MCI patients are prone to poor oral hygiene and dental health, which if untreated worsens inflammation-mediated brain and nervous system function, and accelerates progression to dementia. Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) is often a silent disease detected in only ~10% of older adults, and may have a strong association with MCI. This study examines the effects of intensive therapy for periodontitis on cognition in high-risk older people with ACAS. Results could highlight PD as a readily modifiable risk factor for dementia.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2019

open study

Sensory-Motor Rehabilitation Post Stroke
University of Maryland Acute Stroke
Early after stroke, patients often have significant motor impairment and sensory deficit. Evidence has demonstrated heightened plasticity and significant recovery in the acute phase (first months) post stroke but there has been a lack of effective and practical protocols and... expand

Early after stroke, patients often have significant motor impairment and sensory deficit. Evidence has demonstrated heightened plasticity and significant recovery in the acute phase (first months) post stroke but there has been a lack of effective and practical protocols and devices for early intensive sensorimotor therapy.This research study will conduct a randomized clinical trial of an intensive motor-sensory rehabilitation on patients with acute stroke using a wearable rehabilitation robot. The primary aims are to facilitate sensorimotor recovery, reduce ankle impairments, and improve balance and gait functions. This clinical trial will be conducted on the Study and Control groups of acute stroke survivors.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2019

open study

Safety and Efficacy Study of GL-0817 (With Cyclophosphamide) for the Prevention of Recurrence of Squamous...
Gliknik Inc. Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Cavity
This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of GL-0817 as a means to prevent disease recurrence in patients considered at high-risk following surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. expand

This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind clinical trial to assess the safety and efficacy of GL-0817 as a means to prevent disease recurrence in patients considered at high-risk following surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2017

open study

BAX 855 Previously Untreated Patient (PUP)
Baxalta now part of Shire Hemophilia A
The purpose of this study is to investigate safety, immunogenicity and hemostatic efficacy of PEGylated recombinant FVIII (BAX 855) in previously untreated patients (PUPs) < 6 years of age with severe hemophilia A (baseline FVIII level < 1%) and < 3 EDs to ADVATE, BAX 855 or... expand

The purpose of this study is to investigate safety, immunogenicity and hemostatic efficacy of PEGylated recombinant FVIII (BAX 855) in previously untreated patients (PUPs) < 6 years of age with severe hemophilia A (baseline FVIII level < 1%) and < 3 EDs to ADVATE, BAX 855 or plasma transfusion.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2015

open study

A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Pemigatinib (INCB054828) in Subjects With Urothelial Carcinoma...
Incyte Corporation UC (Urothelial Cancer)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the overall response rate (ORR) of pemigatinib as a monotherapy in the treatment of metastatic or surgically unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGF/FGFR alterations. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the overall response rate (ORR) of pemigatinib as a monotherapy in the treatment of metastatic or surgically unresectable urothelial carcinoma harboring FGF/FGFR alterations.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2016

open study

Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of Intramuscular Injections of PLX PAD for the Treatment of Subjects...
Pluristem Ltd. Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI)
This will be a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group, multicenter, Phase III study.The study aims to evaluate the Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of Intramuscular Injections of PLX PAD for the Treatment of Subjects with Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) with Minor Tissue... expand

This will be a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel group, multicenter, Phase III study.The study aims to evaluate the Efficacy, Tolerability and Safety of Intramuscular Injections of PLX PAD for the Treatment of Subjects with Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) with Minor Tissue Loss (Rutherford Category 5) who are Unsuitable for Revascularization.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2017

open study

Sigh Ventilation to Increase Ventilator-Free Days in Victims of Trauma at Risk for Acute Respiratory...
University of Minnesota - Clinical and Translational Science Institute Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
A randomized, concurrent controlled trial to assess if adding sigh breaths to usual invasive mechanical ventilation of victims of trauma who are at risk of developing ARDS will decrease the number of days they require invasive mechanical ventilation. expand

A randomized, concurrent controlled trial to assess if adding sigh breaths to usual invasive mechanical ventilation of victims of trauma who are at risk of developing ARDS will decrease the number of days they require invasive mechanical ventilation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2016

open study

Assessment of Safety and Feasibility of ExAblate Blood-Brain Barrier (BBB) Disruption
InSightec Glioma Glioblastoma
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of the ExAblate Model 4000 Type 2.0 used as a tool to disrupt the BBB (blood brain barrier) in patients with high grade glioma undergoing standard of care therapy. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety of the ExAblate Model 4000 Type 2.0 used as a tool to disrupt the BBB (blood brain barrier) in patients with high grade glioma undergoing standard of care therapy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Mar 2019

open study

Traditional Versus Early Aggressive Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis Trial
Johns Hopkins University Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
FDA-approved multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) target the relapsing phase of MS but have minimal impact once the progressive phase has begun. It is unclear if, in the relapsing phase, there is an advantage of early aggressive therapy with respect to preventing... expand

FDA-approved multiple sclerosis (MS) disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) target the relapsing phase of MS but have minimal impact once the progressive phase has begun. It is unclear if, in the relapsing phase, there is an advantage of early aggressive therapy with respect to preventing long-term disability. The infectious risks and other complications associated with higher-efficacy treatments highlight the need to quantify their effectiveness in preventing disability. The TRaditional versus Early Aggressive Therapy for MS (TREAT-MS) trial is a pragmatic, randomized controlled trial that has two primary aims: 1) to evaluate, jointly and independently among patients deemed at higher risk vs. lower risk for disability accumulation, whether an "early aggressive" therapy approach, versus starting with a traditional, first-line therapy, influences the intermediate-term risk of disability, and 2) to evaluate if, among patients deemed at lower risk for disability who start on first-line MS therapies but experience breakthrough disease, those who switch to a higher-efficacy versus a new first-line therapy have different intermediate-term risk of disability.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2018

open study

Efficacy and Safety Study of Maribavir Treatment Compared to Investigator-assigned Treatment in Transplant...
Shire Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of maribavir to investigator-assigned anti-Cytomegalovirus (CMV) therapy in CMV viremia clearance in transplant recipients who are refractory or resistant to prior anti-CMV treatment. expand

The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of maribavir to investigator-assigned anti-Cytomegalovirus (CMV) therapy in CMV viremia clearance in transplant recipients who are refractory or resistant to prior anti-CMV treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2016

open study

DNA Repair, p53 and Apoptosis Phenotypes in Lung Cancer
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Lung Neoplasms
The Laboratory of Human Carcinogenesis and the Pharmocogenetics Section of the Genetic Epidemiology Branch will conduct a lung cancer case-control study in Baltimore, Maryland. The primary hypothesis of the study is to determine if mutagen sensitivity, p53 induction and apoptosis... expand

The Laboratory of Human Carcinogenesis and the Pharmocogenetics Section of the Genetic Epidemiology Branch will conduct a lung cancer case-control study in Baltimore, Maryland. The primary hypothesis of the study is to determine if mutagen sensitivity, p53 induction and apoptosis in cultured lymphocytes will be predictive of lung cancer risk. While there are some studies that examine mutagen sensitivity, none of these assays has been well-studied in an epidemiological setting. Because of methodological issues described herein, and the proposed development of new assays, this study will be viewed as a pilot and therefore hypotheses generating. The design of this molecular epidemiology study has been specifically developed to test the reliability and validity of the mutagen sensitivity assay, where a case-control study is needed to assess the possibility of case bias (i.e., results vary due to the concurrent presence of lung cancer rather than risk). Importantly, this protocol will establish a resource that will allow for the validation of these assays and also for the study of other biomarkers and gene-environment interactions, especially those related to DNA repair. Th secondary goals of this study are to 1) demonstrate gene-neuro-behavioral interactions for smoking addiction in controls and 2) assess the relationship of sex-steroid metabolism an and estrogen exposure to lung cancer risk. Cases will have histologically confirmed lung cancer and reside in Baltimore an and surrounding areas. They will be identified through six hospitals in Baltimore. Cases will be recently diagnosed and blood will be collected prior to chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Because of this requirement to obtain samples before treatment (or for surgical cases at least two months after surgery), we recognize that case ascertainment will be reduced, but critical data to assess differences between eligible and ineligible subjects will be collected through tumor registries. Two control groups will be used, the first will be hospital-based (frequency matched by age, gender, race, smoking and hospital) and the second will be population-based (frequency matched by age-, gender and race). The first control group will allow us to examine risk factors for lung cancer independent of smoking (odds ration for smoking = 1.0), and the second will allow the results to be extrapolated to the general population and also will be used to validate the phenotyping assays. The strategy for recruitment will allow us to over-sample for women and African Americans, so that after examination of data for the entire study group, we can assess differences by these subgroups. Cases and controls will receive a structured, in person interview assessing prior medical and cancer history, tobacco use, alcohol use, current medications, occupational history, family medical history, menstrual history and estrogen use, recent nutritional supplements and caffeine intake, and socioeconomic status. The questionnaire also will include the Fagerstrom index for nicotine dependence (FTND), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, and a modified version of the Horn-Waingrow Reasons for Smoking (RFS) Scale. The phenotypic markers to be studied will assess DNA repair with cellular response by using lymphocyte cultures exposed in vitro to radiation, bleomycin, benzo(a)pyrene-diol-expoxide and N-methyl-nitrosurea and then measuring induction of chromosomal aberrations, p53 induction and apoptosis. DNA from cases and controls also will be used for genetic polymorphism analysis of carcinogen metabolism, and those relating to the dopaminergic system and nicotinic receptors. Tumors from cases will be evaluated for estrogen and progesterone receptors. The target accrual number of total subjects will be 1,200 where there will be 100 cases for each combination of gender and race (Caucasian- and African Americans), matched to 100 each of the hospital-based and population-based controls.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jun 1995

open study

Dissemination and Implementation of Function Focused Care for Assisted Living
University of Maryland Dementia Pain
This study will evaluate pain, management of pain, behavioral symptoms, and the quality of staff-resident interactions between residents with and without dementia, test the relationship of these variables to participation in function focused care at baseline, and consider if... expand

This study will evaluate pain, management of pain, behavioral symptoms, and the quality of staff-resident interactions between residents with and without dementia, test the relationship of these variables to participation in function focused care at baseline, and consider if there is a differential impact of FFC-AL-EIT between those with and without dementia with regard to participation in function focused care, functional outcomes and physical activity over the 12 month study period. Findings from this study will provide new information on how to optimize function and physical activity among older adults with dementia in assisted living.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2017

open study

Carotid Revascularization and Medical Management for Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis Trial
Thomas G. Brott, M.D. Carotid Stenosis
Carotid revascularization for primary prevention of stroke (CREST-2) is two independent multicenter, randomized controlled trials of carotid revascularization and intensive medical management versus medical management alone in patients with asymptomatic high-grade carotid stenosis.... expand

Carotid revascularization for primary prevention of stroke (CREST-2) is two independent multicenter, randomized controlled trials of carotid revascularization and intensive medical management versus medical management alone in patients with asymptomatic high-grade carotid stenosis. One trial will randomize patients in a 1:1 ratio to endarterectomy versus no endarterectomy and another will randomize patients in a 1:1 ratio to carotid stenting with embolic protection versus no stenting. Medical management will be uniform for all randomized treatment groups and will be centrally directed.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2014

open study

Multi-Center African-American Inflammatory Bowel Disease Study (MAAIS)
Johns Hopkins University Inflammatory Bowel Disease
The investigators are doing the research to discover genes that cause Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) specifically in the African American population. African Americans with or without Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis are eligible to join. If you agree to join the study,... expand

The investigators are doing the research to discover genes that cause Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) specifically in the African American population. African Americans with or without Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis are eligible to join. If you agree to join the study, the investigators will ask for information about your health. The investigators will also ask you to give us a blood sample so that they may discover the genes that cause IBD. The blood sample may be collected at Johns Hopkins or any local facility convenient to you.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Jun 2003

open study

Optimizing Smoking Cessation for People With HIV/AIDS Who Smoke
University of Maryland Smoking HIV
The single greatest health behavior change that could improve cardiovascular morbidity and associated mortality is to assist people living with HIV/AIDS who smoke to quit. The investigators will use a factorial design to evaluate the most promising behavioral and pharmacologic... expand

The single greatest health behavior change that could improve cardiovascular morbidity and associated mortality is to assist people living with HIV/AIDS who smoke to quit. The investigators will use a factorial design to evaluate the most promising behavioral and pharmacologic treatments aimed at achieving maximal efficacy for smoking cessation among people living with HIV/AIDS who smoke. Results of this study will provide crucial, real world evidence of the best way for healthcare providers to help smokers living with HIV/AIDS quit smoking.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2016

open study

Effects of Inhibiting Early Inflammation in Kidney Transplant Patients
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Kidney Transplant
During transplant surgery, there is a period of time when a donated kidney is removed from a donor's body and stored until the time of the transplant surgery. The storage procedure results in buildup of various proteins within the kidney that can injure the donated kidney after... expand

During transplant surgery, there is a period of time when a donated kidney is removed from a donor's body and stored until the time of the transplant surgery. The storage procedure results in buildup of various proteins within the kidney that can injure the donated kidney after it is transplanted. One of these proteins is tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether taking infliximab, which blocks tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), just prior to transplant surgery, along with usual transplant medicines will protect the donated kidney from damage caused by TNF-alpha and help keep the transplanted kidney healthy for a longer period of time.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2015

open study

Diuretic Effect of Metolazone Pre-dosing Versus Concurrent Dosing
University of Maryland Fluid Overload Heart Failure Acute
The purpose of this study is to examine whether administering metolazone 60 minutes prior to furosemide increases urine output compared with administering metolazone and furosemide concomitantly. Participants will have equal chance of being assigned to each group. expand

The purpose of this study is to examine whether administering metolazone 60 minutes prior to furosemide increases urine output compared with administering metolazone and furosemide concomitantly. Participants will have equal chance of being assigned to each group.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2019

open study